[51] By July 2017, the majority of countries around the globe, 179 in total, had ratified the Convention, which includes provisions for the protection of whistleblowers. [2], The United Nations Human Rights Council has taken a number of steps to highlight the importance of the universal right to privacy online. UN Convention against Corruption, A/58/422. If the information officer or deputy information officer denies you permission to access the information you requested, you may lodge an appeal with the relevant minister of the department or public body concerned. The wikiHow Tech Team also followed the article's instructions and verified that they work. [56] Despite the significant increase in absolute numbers, however, in the same period the annual growth rate of internet users has slowed down, with five per cent annual growth in 2017, dropping from a 10 per cent growth rate in 2012. This can be fostered through human service professionals who can utilize the internet with evidence and evaluation to provide information to LGBTQIA individuals who are dealing with the circumstances of coming out and the possible repercussions that could follow as a result. ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/HRC/34/L.7/Rev.1. wikiHow's. Paris, France: UNESCO Publishing. By using our site, you agree to our. Fortune. UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom. "Brisbane Declaration – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "Dakar Declaration – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "Maputo declaration – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "Recommendation concerning the promotion and use of multilingualism and universal access to cyberspace", "Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – Articles – United Nations Enable", "International Day for Universal Access to Information". Cultural norms in certain countries may prohibit women from access to the internet and technology as well by preventing women from attaining a certain level of education or from being the breadwinners in their households, thus resulting in a lack of control in the household finances. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This includes information such as healthcare, partners, and news. Improve Access to Information. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Protecting Journalism Sources in the Digital Age. Without a thorough understanding of how to shield their digital communications and traces, journalists and sources can unwittingly reveal identifying information. Imagine that your favourite restaurant is easy to get to, easy to enter, plenty of space to sit at a table, you receive a copy of the menu, but you can’t order the food you want because you can’t understand the information in … Retrieved 24 May 2017. "List of countries which have signed, ratified/acceded to the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption", OECD. "Open Standards" facilitate interoperability and data exchange among different products or services and are intended for widespread adoption." % of people told us that this article helped them. 2017. [78], The International Programme for the Development of Communication is responsible for the follow-up of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16 through indicators 16.10.1 and 16.10.2. UN General Assembly. Ulla de Stricker, in Information Professionals' Career Confidential, 2015. Equal rating prevents prioritization of one type of content and zero-rates all content up to a specified data cap. In 2015 the European Court of Justice found that the so-called ‘Safe Harbour Agreement’, which allowed private companies to ‘legally transmit personal data from their European subscribers to the US’,[36] was not valid under European law in that it did not offer sufficient protections for the data of European citizens or protect them from arbitrary surveillance. Translated by Butkova, T., Kuptsov, Y., and Parshakova, A. Moscow: Interregional Library Cooperation Centre for UNESCO", UNESCO (2013a), UNESCO Communication and Information Sector with UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Global Media and Information Literacy Assessment Framework: Country Readiness and Competencies. The overall speed or clock speed of the computer and how fast it is capable of processing data is managed by the computer processor (CPU). 58% of low income Whites are reported to have home-internet access in comparison to 51% of Hispanics and 50% of Blacks. [68], The International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) programme aimed at strengthening the development of mass media in developing countries. Amendments to the Statutes of the International Programme for The Development of Communication (IPDC) Resolution 43/32, adopted on the Report of Commission V at the 18th Plenary Meeting, on 15 October 2003. Information systems enable organizations to collect and access recent information as well as keep a comprehensive collection of all organization data. 2013. These include the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption, which has been ratified by 33 Member States,[53] and the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, which was ratified by 36 UNESCO Member States. Similarly, respondents may not have immediate access to information in medical records or have the technical knowledge to answer some questions. [44] High-profile examples of this have been WhatsApp's implementation of full end-to-end encryption in its messenger service,[45] and Apple's contestation of a law enforcement warrant to unlock an iPhone used by the perpetrators of a terror attack. Chart of signatures and ratifications of Treaty 108. BBC News, sec. According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), by the end of 2017, an estimated 48 per cent of individuals regularly connect to the internet, up from 34 per cent in 2012. In general, the Open Data Barometer found that government data is usually "incomplete, out of date, of low quality, and fragmented". To do this, just access the Start Menu then hit on the “Control Panel” link. Also Read | Google Meet noise cancellation feature runs on an AI system; know how it works here Internet filters are also used to censor and restrict LGBTQIA content that is in relation to the LGBTQIA community in public schools and libraries. Learn how and when to remove this template message, information and communication technologies, Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data, to intercept or decrypt encrypted communications, United Nations Convention against Corruption, Inter-American Convention Against Corruption, African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Council, Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, International Programme for the Development of Communication, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, International Day for the Universal Access to Information, "Recommendations concerning the promotion and use of multilinguisme and universal access to cyberspace", "Towards Inclusive Knowledge Societies: A Review of UNESCO Action in Implementing the WSIS Outcomes", "FALLING THROUGH THE NET: A Survey of the "Have Nots" in Rural and Urban America | National Telecommunications and Information Administration", "Systemic Racial Discrimination Worsens the US Digital Divide, Study Says", https://www.freepress.net/sites/default/files/legacy-policy/digital_denied_free_press_report_december_2016.pdf, "Facebook's Secret Censorship Rules Protect White Men From Hate Speech But Not Black Children", "The algorithms that detect hate speech online are biased against black people", "Contents removed from racist Facebook page", "How activists of color lose battles against Facebook's moderator army", "What is the Digital Divide and How Does it Affect People with Disabilities? [37] Following the Google Spain decision the "right to be forgotten" or "right to be de-listed" has been recognized in a number of countries across the world, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean. According to the 2017 Reuters Institute Digital News Report, in 36 countries and territories surveyed, 51 per cent of adults 55 years and older consider television as their main news source, compared to only 24 per cent of respondents between 18 and 24. 2017b. This is evident when it comes to observing home-internet access among different races and ethnicities. ", "I can find out everything about my laptop that I wanted to know. The World Bank Policy on Access to Information, launched on July 1, 2010 is a landmark disclosure policy adopted by the World Bank. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. [52], Regional conventions against corruption that contain protection for whistle-blowers have also been widely ratified. At least. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of access to information technology. During institutional outbreaks, e-mail surveys can help to efficiently access information that is not easily collected by traditional case-control studies. 2016. The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet. In a collection of internal documents that were collected in a project conducted by ProPublica, Facebook’s guidelines in regards to distinguishing hate speech and recognizing protected groups revealed slides that identified three groups, each one containing either female drivers, black children, or white men. The System Information window opens, giving you access to all kinds of great information about your PC’s hardware and software environment. [65] UNESCO has been assigned as the custodian agency responsible for global reporting on indicator 16.10.2 regarding the ‘number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information’. [93], Debates around public access to information have also focused on further developments in encouraging open data approaches to government transparency. It can allow for LGBTQIA individuals who may be living in rural areas or in areas where they are isolated to gain access to information that are not within their rural system as well as gaining information from other LGBT individuals. 2016. There have also been examples of more extreme measures, such as local community authorities banning or restricting mobile phone use for girls and unmarried women in their communities. The Access to Information Act gives Canadian citizens, permanent residents, and any person or corporation present in Canada a right to access records of government institutions that are subject to the Act. For example, you can adjust the size of the text boxes to fit the data, if necessary. ", "Wonderful. On 28 September 2015, UNESCO adopted the International Day for the Universal Access to Information during its 38th session. UNESCO. WhatsApp. For all of the modern world -- and increasingly in lesser developed countries -- technology, particularly mobile access to the Internet, has removed traditional obstacles to information. When reporting the online abuse to Facebook, her account was suspended by Facebook for three days for posting the screenshots while those responsible for the racist comments she received were not suspended. GayHealth provides online medical and health information and Gay and Lesbians Alliance Against Defamation contains online publications and news that focus on human rights campaigns and issues focused on LGBTQIA issues. Promoting access for disabled persons has been strengthened by the UNESCO-convened conference in 2014, which adopted the "New Delhi Declaration on Inclusive ICTs for Persons with Disabilities: Making Empowerment a Reality”. [2] Age plays a profound role in determining the balance between radio, television and the internet as the leading source of news. Since expanding its global service to 130 new countries in January 2016, Netflix experienced a surge in subscribers, surpassing 100 million subscribers in the second quarter of 2017, up from 40 million in 2012. 2015. The processing of personal data solely for journalistic purposes…should be subject to derogations or exemptions from certain provisions of this Regulation if necessary to reconcile the right to the protection of personal data with the right to freedom of expression and information, as enshrined in Article 11 of the Charter. [95], The 2017 Open Data Barometer, conducted by the World Wide Web Foundation, shows that while 79 out of the 115 countries surveyed have open government data portals, in most cases "the right policies are not in place, nor is the breadth and quality of the data-sets released sufficient". In 2015 the Open Data Charter was founded in a multistakeholder process in order to establish principles for ‘how governments should be publishing information’. 2017. [50] At the international level, the United Nations Convention against Corruption entered into force in 2005. [2], The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the work of the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, co-chaired by UNESCO, and the Internet Governance Forum’s intersessional work on ‘Connecting the Next Billion' are proof of the international commitments towards providing Internet access for all. The disparity between the digital information "haves" and "have-nots" is reflected in access, content, literacy, and training, and remains a persistent international problem. About. Entertainment & Arts. Information and translations of access to information in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 38 C/70. Access provides solutions to help you manage that lifecycle, end to end. 2016c. The Internet also allows LGBTQIA individuals to maintain anonymity. Retrieved 21 August 2017. From the Cambridge English Corpus It can access information about the resources needed and the charge necessary to compute its process. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Evaluating information encourages you to think critically about the reliability, validity, accuracy, authority, timeliness, point of view or bias of information … In 2015, UNESCO's General Conference proclaimed 28 September as the International Day for Universal Access to Information. [28], There are also other factors that can prevent LGBTQIA members from accessing information online or subject them to having their information abused. Text. New York: Open Society Foundations. [42] Of these new adoptions, nine were in Africa, four in Asia and the Pacific, three in Latin America and the Caribbean, two in the Arab region and one in Western Europe and North America. ' in Latin America users supported by massive investments in infrastructure and significant uptake mobile. Women 's freedom of information access keeps rising the size of the to... 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