Various, and often divergent, language policies were introduced by the Portuguese, French, Spanish and British colonial powers. South Africa today is a rich kaleidoscope of people, languages, and cultures. Education in South Africa is governed by two national departments, namely the department of Basic Education (DBE), which is responsible for primary and secondary schools, and the department of Higher Education and Training (DHET), which is responsible for tertiary education and vocational training. Concerning the language-in-education policy, the new developments have sparked off wide-spread interest, responses and involvement in South Africa, not only with the small group of expert policy makers, but also with a wide range of socio-linguistic, educational, and political interest groups. One of the biggest obstacles in the implementation of the IIAL is the lack of skilled teachers who can competently teach all 11 official languages. Issues in the Making of South Africa's Language in Education Policy Thobeka V. Mda, University of South Africa This article argues that, to be truly understood, South Africa's new Language in Education Policy (LiEP) must be examined in the context of both historical and recent developments. The collapse of global communism, the negotiated withdrawal of Cuban forces from Angola, and the culmination of the South-West African People’s Organisation’s liberation struggle in the negotiated independence of Namibia – formerly South-West Africa, administered by South Africa as a League of Nations mandate since 1919 – did much to change the mindset of white people. Cultural Background & History: Poised in a geographically strategic location, South Africa for centuries was the object of battles fought between European invaders and the indigenous Africans. As a result, in every sphere of the society today, whether economic, social, political or Prior to 2009, these two departments were represented in a single Department of Education. OVERVIEW OF THE CONTEXT OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH ... HRD-SA Human Resources Development Strategy for South Africa IPAP Industrial Policy Action Plan ... 2. Apartheid (“apartness” in the language of Afrikaans) was a system of legislation that upheld segregationist policies against non-white citizens of South Africa. The Constitutional Assembly of the post-apartheid Everyone has the right to receive education in the official language or languages of their The preamble to the post-apartheid South African constitution states that ‘South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity’ and promises to ‘lay the foundations for a democratic and open society in which government is based on the will of the people and every citizen is equally protected by law’ and to ‘improve the quality of life of all citizens’. Language Policy and National Unity in South Africa/Azania . The demand for franchise rights for English-speaking immigrants working on the new goldfields was the pretext Britain used to go to war with the Transvaal and Orange Free State in 1899. Education - Education - South Africa: From the time of the first white settlements in South Africa, the Protestant emphasis on home Bible reading ensured that basic literacy would be achieved in the family. In South Africa, language planning was associated with the South African Government www.gov.za Let's grow South Africa together Hence, language, nation and culture are The role of representations (viz. Language Policy and Planning in the New South Africa Neville Alexander Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa University of Cape Town Introductory Remarks South Africa is in the grip of a historic transition. Although the Portuguese basked in the nautical achievement of successfully navigating the cape, they showed little interest in colonization.The area's fierce weather and rocky shoreline posed a threat to their ships, and many of their attempts to trade with the local Khoikhoi ended in conflict. There was also the case of South Africa, where the ruling Afrikaaner nationalist party enforced a language policy that was aimed at developing their language as the lingua franca, language of 4.4.3 To ensure an effective communication process with delegates or stakeholders 1. Afrikaans History and Development - A Brief Background:. 8 not the unification, of the people of South Africa. This volume sets out the challenges facing the education system in South Africa, such as poor school infrastructure, poor learning conditions, and a lack of learning materials and provides recommendations on how some of these can be overcome. language policy, class and power ought to become intuitively obvious. The Second World War highlighted the problems of racism, making the world turn away from such policies and encouraging demands for decolonization. South Africa’s history, like that of many African countries, is dominated by colonialism, racism, apartheid, sexism and many repulsive policies whose legacy remains severe. One of the biggest criticisms and challenges faced by the second additional language policy is the lack of skilled teachers available to take on all of South Africa’s official languages. The history of mother-tongue education in South Africa therefore makes language policy extremely complex, giving rise to baffling reactions from parents, ... a great need to reinforce a critical literacy paradigm in the South African public education system given the socio-historical and political context. We begin by 1 In the context of this report, the expression “indigenous African languages” refers to the nine official Introduction This paper is on mothertongue education and the South African (SA) Language Policy which was introduced after 1994 when South Africa became a democratic country. PREAMBLE . standards and in the Language in Education Policy on diversity – which in turn forms a good foundation for respect and dignity – marks a break from the historical treatment of languages in South Africa. The South African language policy environment and its impact on ... current contexts of the language issue in South Africa. Key words: South African Language Policy, indigenous languages, isiXhosa, medium of instruction, multilingualism. Until 1994, language policy was decided by the apartheid regime and imposed on all inhabitants of South Africa and on all of their languages. In this policy, unless the context indicates otherwise ... languages of South Africa (including sign language) when important or strategic information is to be conveyed orally to groups. People often wonder why such a policy was introduced and why it had so much support. It was during this period that South Africa introduced the more rigid racial policy of apartheid. post-apartheid South Africa Neville Alexander University of Cape Town There is no politically neutral theory of language planning, in spite of the fact that the power elites tend only to examine language policy under condi-tions of crisis. Section 6 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, provides the backdrop to this policy and lists the official languages of South Africa to be Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, Siswati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and … Consequently, I shall spell out some of the implications of this particular insight for modern industrial societies 1. Languages (IIAL) in South African Schools” (2013) policy and its impact on the teaching and learning of SALs. Maintaining the primordial language policy that is dominated by English and Afrikaans is like putting new wine into old skins. But, as I know from many years of experience, this is an optimistic view. context, the myth of South Africa as a bilingual English-Afrikaans country persisted for many years. Afrikaans:- the modern version of the language is much more than merely a Dutch derivative as some would suggest.Inextricably linked for the last century with the development and application of apartheid within South Africa, the immense reach and value of this language has often been overlooked within the wider political climate. South Africa successfully held its first democratic elections in April 1994 and the African National Congress (ANC) won with a majority vote to head the government of national unity. It also serves as a foundation for the draft policy on the incremental introduction of African languages in South … The discovery of the Witwatersrand goldfields in 1886 was a turning point in South Africa’s history. As we shall see in the next chapter, their idea of a nation‘ ’ is based on the experience of certain European peoples in the 18th and l9th centuries. Thus, the research also seeks to establish strategies that could be implemented in order to ensure the revitalisation and rejuvenation of African languages so that all the languages take their rightful place. It One of the fundamental flaws in the language policy is the neglect to first re-educate and professionally develop enough African-language teachers in South Africa. 9. socially constructed attitudes) on the value of learning French in South Africa will be discussed in relation to the language market and multilingualism in South Africa. The language policy for schools is guided by principles derived from the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (RSA, 1996a) and the South African Schools Act (SASA) (RSA, 1996b). 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