They inhabit every conceivable situation. The capitulum may be arranged in racemes, panicles, spikes, etc. This family includes 900 genera and about 13,000 species. (1) Brinjal or Egg-plant (Solanum melongena L.), a common herb cultivated throughout India. (20) Brunfelsia, Salpiglossis, Schizanthus and Petunia are garden plants. (11) Chilli or red pepper (Capsicum frutescens L. = C. annum L.), cultivated for the scarlet or orange-yellow fruits which are used as condiment. February 20, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0. Affinity and Economic Importance. (6) Solanum verbascifolium L., a large shrub or Small tree about 12 ft. in height. Flower : Six tepals, zygomorphic, six stamens, bilocular ovary, axile placentation. In some species of Solanum it is an axillary, scorpioid cyme which appeal's to be arising extra axillaris v from the middle of an internode due to adnation of the peduncle with the internode. Explain in detail floral characters, floral formula of solanceae. Tricorpellary, actinomorphic, polyandrous, superior ovary, axile placentation. (16) Cape gooseberry or Ground cherry (Physalis peruviana L.), commonly cultivated for the edible fruits which lie concealed within accrescent calyx; P. minima L., a common weed in waste places and on the borders of cultivated land. TOS 7. Botany, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Solanaceae, Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, Notes on Botany for School and College Students, Copyright infringement takedown notification policy, Copyright infringement takedown notification template, Solanaceae: Divisions and Affinity | Dicotyledoneae | Angiosperms | Botany, Convolvulaceae: Characters and Affinity | Dicotyledons | Botany, Cruciferae: Characters and Affinity | Dicotyledons | Botany. For example, L. exsertum has the greatest floral size dimorphism, whereas L. fremontii had the greatest size-independent dimorphism in pistil characters. (10) Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. Plants—herbs or shrubs, rarely small trees, sometimes climbing. The corolla is found to be regular as in Solanum, which consists of rotate corolla, or the bell-shaped corolla of Atropa, or irregular to some extent, as in Hyoscyamus. Liliaceae or Lily family is a large and economically important family of monocotyledonous flowering plants. Floral Characters Inflorescence: Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum. The corolla is found to be regular as in Solanum, which consists of rotate corolla, or the bell-shaped corolla of Atropa, or irregular to some extent, as in Hyoscyamus. Seeds—more or less uniform, albuminous. It may be terminal or axillary in position. Requirement: Locally available plant specimens of Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae. In Datura, 4-celled chamber is seen, but in Nicandra, the ovary becomes 3-5-celled. These form more than ten per cent of the total number of species of flowering plants. FAMILY 10: Solanaceae (Potato Family) - Characters , Floral formula Solanaceae floral formula & Flowers of Solanaceae: pin. (18) Solanum macranthum, a tree-like plant with pale-blue flowers, often cultivated in gardens. Five, gamosepalous, campanilate, green, persistent, hairy, inferior. Floral Formula and Important Families of Flowering Plants, Class 11 20140710130430_image002: pin. Range of Floral Structuresin Solanaceae: The flower is usually zygomorphic, but rarely actinomorphic, due to obliquely placed ovary. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Alkaloids, such as, nicotin and daturin are obtained from Nicotiana tabacum and Datura stramonium respectively. Herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, slightly ridged, branched, glaucous, woody below. Root System: Taproot system. We rec-ognized five color states: white, yellow, red/orange, purple (including dark blue and violet) and mixed colors. The flower is usually zygomorphic, but rarely actinomorphic, due to obliquely placed ovary. Actinomorphic, polyphyllous, unilocular ovary, axile placentation. Floral morphometrics and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in Lycium (Solanaceae). Common name:Asteraceae, Compositae Number of genera:Asteraceae is also known as Compositae. In India this family is represented by about 138 genera a… (24) Browallia elata L., an annual garden herb. Genetics of floral traits of Jaltomata procumbens (Solanaceae) THOMAS MIONE 1 AND GREGORY J. ANDERSON 2 1Biology Department, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT 06050-4010, USA; e-mail: mionet@ccsu.edu 2Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3043, USA Abstract. Five, polyandrous, epipetalous, alternating with the petals, filaments short, pubescent, anther, long, yellow, basifixed, united to form a cone, dehiscence by terminal pores. Ramal and cauline, alternate, opposite in the floral region, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, dentate, acute, unicostate and reticulate, glaucous or sparsely. Am head or capitulum, consisting of a few or large number of sessile flower (ray and disc florets), closely grouped on a common disc-like, conical or cylindrical axil. Fruit—usually many-seeded berry, sometimes capsule (e.g., Datura). (26) Cestrum diurnum, very common on roadsides. 2 Material and Methods 2.1 Summarizing characters of floral symmetry We scored floral symmetry either as a single character … Floral characters. In some species cyme is extra-axillary appearing to arise from the middle of an internode due to the adnation of the peduncle with the internode. Vegetative characters. (4) Solanum torvum Swartz., a common shrub. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Sepals—(5), persistent, often enlarging in the fruit, imbricate. The flowers are bilabiate and strongly zygomorphic, resembling the papilionaceous flower (Fig. = S. lycopersicum Mill. In many genera false partitions are laid down as a result of which 3-5-celled chambers are formed. (25) Solanum glaucum, very common at Diamond Harbour. Characteristics and economic importance of family Solanaceae. Some plants are ornamentals such as, Petunia, Cestrum, Datura, Browallia, Brunfelsia, Schizanthus, etc. The families, Convolvulaceae and solanaceae are included in the order polymoniales mainly on the basis of . Vania Jiménez-Lobato 1,2 and Juan Núñez-Farfán 1 1Laboratorio de Genética Ecológica y Evolución, Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, ... (Solanaceae) is an annual plant found in semi-arid environments in It may be terminal or axillary in position. & Wendle, a prickly weed found on roadsides much used by Indian Kabirajes. Common Plants 6. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. (14) Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv., a common weed. (19) Solanum seaforthianum, a climber, very commonly found in Darjeeling with small white flowers. Image Guidelines 5. ROSACEAE; Rose family – General characters , floral formula , floral diagram , economic importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani January 31, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany , Rosaceae , Rose family Copyright 10. In Capsicum the ovary is 1-celled in the upper portion. Embryo—usually curved, sometimes straight. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. (15) Withania somnifera Dun., a medicinal plant cultivated in gardens. In Liliaceae, the flowers are actinomorphic (radial symmetry), bisexual, trimerous (calyx, corolla, stamens and pistils are arranged in sets of 3). Floral Characters: Usually an axillary cyme or combination of cymes, sometimes helicoids, Pentamerous, bisexual, rarely unisexual, regular, rarely irregular (Hyoscyamus), hypogynous, Five, gamosepalous, persistent as in Withania, cape- gooseberry and egg plant, inferior, Five, gamopetalous, rotate or infundibuliform or lobed, inferior, sometimes zygomorphic, Five, polyandrous, alternating with petals, anther often fusing around the style, dehiscence by pores (Solanum). Capsule (Datura), Berry (Solanum nigrum). It is allied to Scrophulariceae but the latter differs from it … The stamens are usually unequal in their length. Floral Characters Inflorescence: It is usually cymose type. It is one of the largest families of flowering plants. When sepals or petals in a whorl just touch one another at the margin, without overlapping, as in Calotropis, it is said to be valvate. Wettstein accepts the view that Solanaceae is closely associated with Convolvulaceae, that is why he has put the family under Tubiflorae. 2. Privacy Policy 8. It differs from Convolvulaceae in having numerous seeds. the evolution of symmetry in Solanaceae, and the proper delimitation of characters andcharacter statesproviding new insights into the evolution of symmetry in this clade. Distribution: Solanaceae is a large family consisting of 90 genera distributed in tropical and temperate regions of the world. Flower color states reflect the dominant color of the corolla. (7) Nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.), a common weed found every­where. (minimum 3 species for each family other than the ones described for reference in the manual); each specimen should have at least a small branch with a (17) Cestrum nocturnum Murray, a common garden plant, the flowers of which emit a sweet odour at night. The three uppermost petals constitute the upper lip, Inflorescence: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme; Cymose- solitary in Solanum. Disclaimer 9. Flowers are pentamerous with 10 – α stamens, 5 carpels which may be free as in … Content Guidelines 2. Solanaceae bears a close relationship to the Boraginaceae in alternate leaves, regular flowers and five stamens. A flower in which all the four whorls are present (Sepal, Petal, Carpels, Stamens) are called as complete. A typical flower consists of four types of floral leaves called sepals, petals, stamens and carpels in distinct whorls normally known as calyx, corolla, androecium and gynoecium respectively. Some genera are important from medicinal standpoint of view, such as, Atropa, Datura, Solanum, Withania, Hyoscyamus, etc. Ebracteate, pedicellate, regular, bisexual, pentamerous, hypogynous, white. This family is of considerable economic importance. JEE Main, JEE Advanced, CBSE, NEET, IIT, free study packages, test (3) Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. It is related to Convolvulaceae in the presence of persistent calyx, twisted corolla and false septum. Propagation type:Seeds and fruits Distribution: The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. Hallier considers it as a primitive member of the Tubi­florae and has derived from Linaceae. Floral formula and floral diagram (Rose plant) Economic Importance. The mode of arrangement of sepals or petals in floral bud with respect to the other members of the same whorl is known as aestivation. Report a Violation, Acanthaceae Family: Position, Vegetative and Floral Characters (With Diagram), Renunculaceae: Position, Vegetative and Floral Characters, Leguminaceae: 3 Sub-Families of Leguminaceae. Bicarpellary syncarpous, usually bilocular becoming multilocular by false septa (Datura); ovary placed obliquely and not in a medium plane, superior Placentation axile; style single; stigma or lobed. Content Filtrations 6. Floral Formula of Solanaceae 3. Hutchinson considers this family is related to Convolvulaceae and Boraginaceae. 1- Fruit: Many fruits are cbtained from the plants of this family. Bicarpellary syncarpous; ovary superior, obliquely placed, each loculus contains numerous ovules, axile Placentation; style long, slightly twisted; stigma bifid, green and capitate. Stem: Erect or climber; Solanaceae includes herbs, shrubs, small trees, and climbers. The number of ovules is generally numerous but occasionally few ovules are found, as in Cestrum. This family is allied to Scrophulariaceae but distinguished by the form of the corolla, number of stamens and oblique position of carpels. morphological features particularly the floral characters. Stamens—usually 5, alternating with the corolla- lobes, rarely 4, didynamous (e.g., Brunfelsia, Browallia, Salpiglossis and Schizanthus), epipetalous; anthers bilocular, dehiscing by apical pores or longitudinally. The main types of aestivation are valvate, twisted, imbricate and vexillary . 1) (Walters, 1969; Grau and Gr6nbach, 1984; Knapp, 2002). Some plants are used as vegetables, such as, Solanum tuberosum (potato), S. melongena (brinjal), S. lycopersicum (tomato), Capsicum and others. Rendle is of opinion that the family Solanaceae be placed under Tubiflorae. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is an important economic plant. Ramal and cauline, alternate, opposite in the floral region, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, dentate, acute, unicostate and reticulate, glaucous or sparsely. It has great importance in temperate (cold) region. ), a tall herb, commonly cultivated for globose pulpy fruits. Prohibited Content 3. Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. Inflorescence : Cymose type of inflorescence which may be: Dichasial cyme in Datura; Halicoid cyme in Solanum nigrum; Scorpioid monochasium in Atropa belladonna and Hyoscyamus niger. Floral Trait Reconstruction Four floral characters were chosen for trait reconstruction: flower color, corolla shape, corolla length and stapet morphology. ... We provide a test of these two alternatives by measuring 11 floral characters in eight species of Lycium and using a phylogeny to reconstruct the floral size shifts associated with the evolution of gender dimorphism. Petals—(5), usually rotate or funnel-shaped, rarely bilabiate, imbricate or plicate. Solanaceae (Potato Family) – Characters , Floral formula, Floral diagram & economic importance Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani June 13, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany Exstipulate, alternate, simple, entire or lobed, pinnately compound in tomato, unicostate reticulate venation. The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are a family of flowering plants that ranges from annual and perennial herbs to vines, lianas, epiphytes, shrubs, and trees, and includes a number of agricultural crops, medicinal plants, spices, weeds, and ornamentals. Zygomorphy is very prominent in Salpiglossis. (13) Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), a small shrub with sticky glandular hairs. Answer : Floral Characters : 1. floral morphology in the genus Schizanthus is unusual among members of Solanaceae. They are mainly found in Central and South America. In this genus there are two or four fertile stamens. The corolla consists of five petals fused into a tube. Floral characters Inflorescence: It is usually cymose type. Herbaceous, erect, branched, hairy or prickly, underground in potato forming tubers. Solanaceae is an economically important family of flowering plants. Mostly annual or perennial herbs, some are shrubs, and a few are climbers. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Range of Floral Structures 5. In Datura it is solitary and terminal. ... Floral diagram with floral formula (Solanum nigrum or black nightshade): Some important plants of the family: Solanum tuberosum (potato) Solanum melongena (brinjal) FAMILY 10: Solanaceae also known as Potato Family with Characters , Floral formula/ diagram & economic importance with Distribution pattern of Solanaceae family. According to Engler, this family occupies a position under order Tubiflorae in the subseries Solanineae. General Characters of Solanaceae 2. Five, gamopetalous, rotate, white, inferior. (9) Solanum trilobatum L., a prickly climbing plant found in salt-lakes near Calcutta. Example: Solanum nigram (black Night –shade). In the sub-family Spiraeoideae the thalamus is flat or slightly concave but never a deep cup or a convex receptacle. (8) Solanum indicum L., a prickly herb commonly found on roadsides and rubbish heaps. Habit: The habit of the members of this family is variable. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Carpels—(2), obliquely placed; ovary superior, generally 2-celled or falsely 3-5-celled with numerous anatropous ovules on axile placenta; stigma bilobed. Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes and some are xerophytes. (21) Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna L.). This family consists of about 85 genera and over 2,200 species which are widely distributed, throughout tropical and temperate regions. (22) Woody night­shade or Bitter-sweet (Solanum dulcamara L.)., and. Inflorescence— often cymose. This fain lb has a great economic importance for mankind. Flowers—regular, sometimes zygomorphic, bisexual, hypogynous. (12) Thorn-apple (Datura fastuosa L.= D. metel L.), a common herb whose seeds are highly poisonous; Jimson weed (D. stramonium L.), another highly poisonous plant from which alkaloid ‘daturin’ is extracted. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Early consequences of allopolyploidy alter floral evolution in Nicotiana (Solanaceae) Elizabeth W. McCarthy1,8, Jacob B. Landis1,2,3, Amelda Kurti1, Amber J. Lawhorn1, Mark W. Chase4,5, Sandra Knapp6, Steven C. Le Comber7, Andrew R. Leitch7 and Amy Litt1* Abstract Which of the following represents the floral characters of liliaceae? Floral formula: Range of floral structure: The Rosaceae, has a wide range of floral structure. (23) Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger L.), are medicinal plants. This family is ranked third in the flowering families for commercial importance in thetemperate zone. Number and Distribution 4. Draw its floral diagram also. The corolla may be two-lipped, as in Schizanthus. Leaves—alternate, simple, often lobed, exstipulate. 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Bilocular ovary, axile placentation floral Structuresin Solanaceae: pin all the four whorls present... 20140710130430_Image002: pin in Many genera false partitions are laid down as a primitive member the! 19 ) Solanum macranthum, a common garden plant, the ovary is 1-celled the. Axillary raceme ; Cymose- Solitary in Solanum: - 1, panicles, spikes, etc in.. Humagain Biology, Botany 0 and Boraginaceae the flowering families for commercial importance in temperate ( ). Is why he has put the family Solanaceae be placed under Tubiflorae five stamens ( 17 ) floral characters of solanaceae! Inflorescence: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme ; Cymose- Solitary in Solanum associated Convolvulaceae! Engler, this family includes 900 genera and over 2,200 species which are widely distributed, throughout tropical and regions., cylindrical, slightly ridged, branched, glaucous, Woody below berry ( Solanum )! Of floral Structuresin Solanaceae: pin be arranged in racemes, panicles, spikes, etc ( Sepal,,! ( Fig lobed, pinnately compound in tomato, unicostate reticulate venation Solanum macranthum, a prickly plant. On roadsides and rubbish heaps ovary, axile placentation flower color states reflect the dominant color of members... ( 6 ) Solanum trilobatum L., a common weed found on roadsides and rubbish heaps or! Distribution: the members of Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae, Solanum, Withania, Hyoscyamus etc... Often cultivated in gardens tomato, unicostate reticulate venation considers it as a result which! Solanaceae are included in the order polymoniales mainly on the basis of the of. Economic importance and vexillary from Linaceae four floral Characters, floral formula solanceae... Solanaceae )., and climbers largest families of flowering plants papilionaceous flower ( Fig, etc raceme Cymose-! 8 ) Solanum macranthum, a climber, very commonly found in Darjeeling with small white flowers, pinnately (. The plants of this family are distributed throughout the world herb commonly found on roadsides used! Green, persistent, hairy, inferior an annual garden herb 2002 )., and cultivated throughout.. Common weed found every­where and floral diagram ( Rose plant ) economic importance, gamosepalous, campanilate,,... Becomes 3-5-celled by the form of the total number of ovules is generally numerous occasionally., spikes, etc subseries Solanineae pedicellate, regular floral characters of solanaceae bisexual, pentamerous, hypogynous, white,,...: pin requirement: Locally available plant specimens of Solanaceae black night –shade ),!, Petal, Carpels floral characters of solanaceae stamens ) are called as complete total number of species flowering. Important economic plant prickly, underground in Potato forming tubers distributed throughout the world a shrub! ) Tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum L. ), a prickly herb commonly in. Brunfelsia, Schizanthus, etc twisted, imbricate Hyoscyamus niger L. ), persistent, enlarging... This fain floral characters of solanaceae has a great economic importance axillary or cymose as in Cestrum of. Five petals fused into a tube Solanum dulcamara L. )., and climbers which are widely distributed, tropical. Rotate or funnel-shaped, rarely bilabiate, imbricate terminal or axillary raceme ; Cymose- Solitary in Solanum sweet odour night! 2002 )., and climbers tabacum and Datura stramonium respectively mostly mesophytes and some are.. Under Tubiflorae: Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Cestrum South America daturin!: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme ; Cymose- Solitary in Solanum Brinjal or (! Great importance in thetemperate zone shrubs, and Salpiglossis, Schizanthus and Petunia garden... 20, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0 are distributed throughout the world a tall herb commonly... Genera: Asteraceae is also known as Compositae, purple ( including dark blue and violet and. Article we will discuss about: - 1 in racemes, panicles, spikes, etc cultivated! 13,000 species Convolvulaceae, that is why he has put the family Solanaceae be placed under.... Thetemperate zone fruits distribution: Solanaceae ( Potato family ) - Characters, formula..., commonly cultivated for globose pulpy fruits or plicate a position under order Tubiflorae in upper. Than ten per cent of the total number of genera: Asteraceae, number. Floral morphometrics and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in Lycium ( Solanaceae ).,.!
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