They might have had a diet similar to modern-day crocodiles. Spinosaurus fossils have been found in the north African countries of Egypt, Algeria and Morocco. It would have lived alongside dinosaurs such as the plant-eating Ouranosaurus and the fearsome Carcharodontosaurus , a T-Rex-sized predator. New York, Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. In a 1997 study published in the Journal of Paleontology, paleontologist Jack Bowman Bailey proposed that Spinosaurus and the similar Ouranosaurus didn't have sails after all, and instead had large, bisonlike backs. Please refresh the page and try again. Although dry and barren now, North Africa was … The iconic Spinosaurus, a dinosaur known largely from bones destroyed in a World War II bombing, was adapted for life in the water, new research finds. In Morocco, they are found in the Kem Kem Beds. It is only due to Stromer's meticulous notes, including detailed descriptions and sketches, that much of the scant knowledge surrounding this dinosaur has been retained. Spinosaurus was the biggest of all the carnivorous dinosaurs, larger than Tyrannosaurus and Giganotosaurus. However, other scientists took issue with the study's methods, and instead claimed the behemoth was 41 to 47 feet (12.6 to 14.3 m) long and 13.2 to 23 tons (12 to 20.9 metric tons), according to a 2007 study in the same journal. Spinosaurus lived during the late Cretaceous Period. In 2011, a neck vertebra from a dinosaur, believed to be a spinosaur, with a snout resembling that of a crocodile was found in Australia, showing that the dinosaur family had a much wider range than scientists had previously thought possible, according to the study published in the journal Biology Letters. Spinosaurus means "spine lizard," an appropriate descriptor, as the dinosaur had very long spines growing on its back to form what is referred to as a "sail." As is the case with most fossilized creatures, very little is known about behavior. These dinosaurs lived between 112 and 93 million years ago. Spinosaurus was larger than both T. rex and Giganotosaurus, which was previously the largest carnivorous dinosaur known. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Spinosaurus fossils are searched for in Egypt and Morocco. during the Cretaceous period). Very few Spinosaurus fossils have been discovered, and no complete remains have been found. These massive dinosaurs were possibly the largest predators to ever walk this planet. While its jaw was powerful, none of the teeth were serrated, making it unlikely that it could have used them to tear into tough prey. It is likely that both soecies lived in coastal mangrove swamps, eating fish. The partial Spinosaurus skeleton Ibrahim his colleagues analyzed suggests the specimen was 50 feet (15.2 m) long and still growing. Because of its size, this dinosaur did not have many predators, but the sail could have been used to ward off enemies, as the dinosaur would have appeared to be twice its size with the sail fully extended. However, Ibrahim and his colleagues found that the spines were composed of dense bones with few blood vessels and were likely wrapped snugly in skin, which doesn't support the thermoregulation idea. These creatures were one of the largest carnivores to walk the earth, and were at least as large, if not larger, than Tyrannosaurus. It lived during part of the Cretaceous period, about 112 million to 97 million years ago, roaming the swamps of North Africa. The first GEN is based off the Jurassic Park III variant. This makes humans undeniably interested in them, but what do we actually know about these reptiles? Another possible species, Spinosaurus maroccanus, lived in Morocco. Even if they weren’t extinct, these massive creatures would be impossible to own as pets. These included lakes and … But, Ibrahim notes, "the sail likely had more than one function.". Joseph Castro - Live Science Contributor They would have also needed immense amounts of food. Click to enlarge Spinosaurus is a theropod dinosaur that lived in what is now North Africa, about 112 to 97 million years ago (i.e. How Long Ago Did Dinosaurs Live: The Triassic Period. We know very little about what habitat these creatures surrounded themselves with. The first Spinosaurus partial skeleton was unearthed in 1912 by Richard Markgraf in the Bahariya Formation of western Egypt.These original remains, which were described and named by Ernst Stromer in 1915, were destroyed in Allied bombing raids on Munich, Germany, during World War II. Spinosaurus was well adapted for aquatic life. They were massive creatures, and needed at least a shallow-water setting to survive comfortably. Scientists can’t quite agree on their size, some estimated that they measured up to 49 ft. and 6 tons, while others estimated that they grew to 59 ft. and 9 tons. This allowed the animal to move easily in water, but made movement on land nearly impossible unless the dinosaur used all four legs. It looks exactly like the Jurassic Park III variant. These creatures were one of the largest carnivores to walk the earth, and were at least as large, if not larger, than Tyrannosaurus. The only place archaeologists have found fossils is in northern Africa. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Described as being potentially the largest theropod dinosaur ever discovered and recognizable by the large sail on its back, Spinosaurusremains have been found in Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and Niger. Answer to: What period did spinosaurus live in? (Art: Davide Bonadonna, and Oct. edition of … What we can agree on is that they were huge! Two Spinosaurus species have been named based on the regions where they were discovered: Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Egyptian spine lizard) and Spinosaurus maroccanus (Moroccan spine lizard). Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. They lived in North America, South America, Australia, Europe, Asia, Africa and even Antarctica. The find, detailed in the journal Nature, suggests the fish-loving spinosaurs also hunted (or scavenged) nonaquatic animals. Spinosaurus appears in the video game LEGO Jurassic World in the Jurassic Park III section of the game. South America had likely just broken apart from Africa during that time, and it's probably why Carcharodontosaurus and its relatives from South America are so alike in appearance. They lived during the Albian to Cenomanian time periods of the Cretaceous, specifically spanning 112 to 97 mya. In 2004, researchers found a tooth belonging to Irritator challengeri — a spinosaur, or dinosaur in Spinosaurus' taxonomic family, Spinosauridae — embedded in the remains of a Cretaceous pterosaur (flying reptile). Artwork by Scott Hartman reveals the bone structure of Spinosaurus. Answer to: Where did the spinosaurus live? Scientists speculate that they lived in mangroves, shorelines, tidal flats, and other habitats close to the shore. There are some things that are simply a mystery to us, as you can expect when trying to make discoveries about creatures that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. Evolutionists claim dinosaurs lived millions of years ago. There was a problem. Its nostrils were further up on its snout than the nostrils of other dinosaurs. There were also a few large, slanted teeth that interlocked at the end of the snout. Of course, dinosaurs didn’t just appear out of thin air. In 1912, Richard Markgraf discovered a partial skeleton of a dinosaur in the Bahariya Formation of western Egypt. They had long, narrow skulls lined with sharp teeth, similar to those of modern crocodilians. We can assume they were similar to massive versions of modern crocodiles. [Images: Digging Up a Swimming Dinosaur Called Spinosaurus]. Spinosaurus, or “spined reptile,” was named for its "It would have been visible from far away and even when the animal was swimming. The first Spinosaurus partial skeleton was unearthed in 1912 by Richard Markgraf in the Bahariya Formation of western Egypt. Spinosaurus lived in Egypt and Morocco. It may have been able to spread the sail when threatened or looking to attract a mate. They were the largest carnivorous dinosaur. The meaning of Spinosaurus is 'Spine Lizard'. However, not all dinosaurs lived together at the same time or in the same place. Its crocodile-like teeth were ideal for catching fish. This would’ve allowed the animal to breathe even with most of its snout submerged. Spinosaurus was a large carnivorous dinosaur that was native to what is now northern Africa. In Egypt, they are found in the Bahariya Formation. NY 10036. There has been much scientific debate regarding the evolution and purpose of Spinosaurus' sail. The most famous desert of the Mesozoic Era, the Gobi of central Asia, was inhabited by three very familiar dinosaurs— Protoceratops, Oviraptor, ​and Velociraptor. Spinosaurus aegyptiacus lived in Egypt. The scientists who study fossils are archaeologists. Carcharodontosaurus lived in what is now southern Africa from 105 to 94 million years ago. Recent fossil evidence shows Spinosaurus was the first dinosaur that was able to swim, and likely spent most of its life in the water, according to a study published September 2014 in the journal Science. The only known dinosaur adapted to life in water, Spinosaurus swam the rivers of North Africa a hundred million years ago. These humps, Bailey argued, would have acted as dissipative "heat shields" that, unlike sails, would have helped the dinosaurs survive in the hot and dry environment they were thought to have lived in (it's now known that their environment was actually a lush swamp). It is the longest theropod found so far. The core of the new study, led by University of Chicago paleontologist Nizar Ibrahim, is a partial skeleton of Spinosaurus found in the 97 million year old rock of Morocco. As we’ve seen, the earliest estimate as to when dinosaurs appeared was around 243 million (243,000,000) years ago. Where Did Spinosaurus Live? They likely returned to land to lay eggs, and could even have guarded their nests. The distinctive spines, which grew out of the animal's back vertebrae, were up to 7 feet (2.1 meters) long and were likely connected to one another by skin. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Unfortunately, these fossils were destroyed during a bombing raid in World War II. Visit our corporate site. Size estimates range up to 18m, which would make it the longest meat eater, although more slender than T. rex or Giganotosaurus. Kim Ann Zimmermann contributed to this article. It is known for the tall sail/hump on its back and its croc-like face. Its environment was likely very warm and humid, with many rivers and lakes flowing through, considering Spinosaurus and Sarcosuchus have been found in the same location. This way, the animal could convey information about its age, size and … gender to other animals, in particular other Spinosaurus. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Just like behavior, no one knows just how these creatures reproduced. "The skull of Spinosaurus has 'fish eating' written all over it, so those are the kinds of animals Spinosaurus would have preyed on," he said. In addition to anatomical evidence, chemical analyses also suggest Spinosaurus preferred to dine on fish, a 2010 study in the journal Geology shows. By Humans never domesticated Spinosaurus in any way. Spinosaurus was a large carnivorous dinosaur that was native to what is now northern Africa. 16.The Spinosaurus lived in large bodies of water which reached across the whole of the North African coast. Of course, Spinosaurus is extinct, and this is all speculative discussion. Spinosaurus is a very big theropod (meat-eating dinosaur) that lived during the Early Cretaceous period in North Africa. 18 March 2016. There is speculation that the Sahara is rich with Spinosaurus fossils, but the harsh environment makes them difficult to unearth. You will receive a verification email shortly. Spinosaurus is thought to have survived primarily on fish, including giant coelacanths, sawfish, large lungfish and sharks, which lived in the dinosaur's river system, according to Ibrahim. One pterosaur bone was found with a Spinosaurus tooth embedded in it, suggesting they also fed on non-aquatic creatures. Precambrian: Facts About the Beginning of Time, Cenozoic Era: Facts About Climate, Animals & Plants, Quaternary Period: Climate, Animals & Other Facts. The Eoraptor, shown above, was one of the earliest dinosaurs. As is the case with habitat, the distribution of the Spinosaurus is little known. Spinosaurus (meaning "spine lizard") is a genus of theropod dinosaur which lived in what is now North Africa, sometime during the Albian and Cenomanian stages of the Cretaceous period, about 112 to 93.5 million years ago. The fossils also suggest Spinosaurus' long neck and trunk shifted the dinosaur's center of mass forward. © This gives credence to the theory that it mostly survived on fish and carcasses. They lived on the ground, in the skies and in the seas. The Bible states that God made the land animals, including dinosaurs, on Day Six (Genesis 1:24–25), so they date from around 6,000 years ago. "Spinosaurus had short hind limbs (like early whales and other animals that spent more and more time in the water), dense and compact bones (penguins show a similar bone profile in cross section), wide and flat claws and feet (possibly used in paddling), and a long and slender snout with conical teeth (perfect for catching fish)," said Nizar Ibrahim, a University of Chicago vertebrate paleontologist and lead author of the study. This would be incredibly difficult to provide in a zoological setting. Spinosaurus is only known from fragmentary remains. The most notable characteristic of these carnivores was the large, spiny, sail-like projection on their backs. 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