The ship accidentally started sliding down the slipw… Twenty-four of the convoy's thirty-five transports were sunk. [7], The ship conducted a series of long-distance training voyages into the Atlantic in 1935. The work was completed in Kiel by January 1944, after which she remained in the Baltic Sea to conduct training cruises for new naval personnel. [31] Kummetz's plan was to divide his force in half; he would take Admiral Hipper and three destroyers north of the convoy to attack it and draw away the escorts. share. They were originally designated “armored ships” by the Germans—a rather vague term—and then classed as cruisers. She was originally used as a seagoing training ship, to familiarize crews with her new technology. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland.She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven in June 1931 and completed by … The German “pocket battleships” were the Deutschland (renamed Lützow), the Graf Spee, and the Scheer. Volume 1 deals with the first four, the pocket battleships Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, and Admiral Graf Spee, along with the battleship Scharnhorst. 100% Upvoted. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. She then turned north to the Halifax route, where on 9 October, she encountered the American ship City of Flint. Her duties during the deployment included evacuating refugees fleeing from the fighting, protecting German ships carrying supplies for Francisco Franco's Nationalists, and gathering intelligence for the Nationalists. exceeded the allowed tonnage by 6%.As far as warship building is concerned, that's as close as a 3-point landing as you'll get. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940. Luetzow was a hard luck ship, always running around or getting torpedoed, and missed many battles. Allies take Bologna in Italy. Ithaca: McBooks Press. There was a triumphant report in the British press when she … Burnett's ships approached from Admiral Hipper's starboard side and achieved complete surprise. google_ad_slot = "8819653264"; Pope, Dudley (2005). [10], Severe weather in the North Atlantic hampered Deutschland's raiding mission, though she did tie down several British warships assigned to track her down. After returning to Germany, she went into dock for routine maintenance work, as well as installation of additional equipment. My sister-in-law's father was one of its crew. HMS Spearfish fired her last four torpedoes at 0129 on 11th April when she spotted what was thought to be the Admiral Scheer. To prevent so much sea water from flushing over the fore deck, the ships later received an extended bow. In 1937, while anchored off the Balearic island of Ibiza, the Deutschland was bombed by a Loyalist Spanish plane. Compared to the most recent of the RN's cruisers they were quite different. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. ISBN 978-1-59013-096-4. [12] Hitler hoped to secure a negotiated peace with Britain and France after he overran Poland, and he therefore did not authorize Deutschland to begin her raiding mission against British and French shipping until 26 September. [20] In April, however, she was assigned to forces participating in the invasion of Norway. After evacuating approximately 750 people who lived nearby, an attempt was undertaken to deflagrate it with a remote-controlled device, but it exploded, without casualties. Light cruiser Nürnberg ready. [1] The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. HMS Spearfish fired her last four torpedoes at 0129 on 11th April when she spotted what was thought to be the Admiral Scheer. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. [23][24] Lützow was hit three times by 15 cm shells from Oscarsborg's Kopås battery, causing significant damage. The harsh conditions made accurate fire difficult; she ceased shooting by 12:03 without any hits. Pocket battleship ‘Deutschland’ will be renamed to ‘Lützow’ and classified as a Heavy Cruiser in February 1940. [6] The ship was commissioned into the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1933. Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was subsequently sunk as a target in the Baltic. Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). 10,000 tons was the treaty limitation for heavy cruisers with 8" guns, and the Deutschland -- "Germany," although quickly renamed Luetzow, once the war began -- clearly outclassed any heavy or light cruiser, at the moment of its launching: . Fuel shortages restricted operations, although Lützow and Admiral Scheer were able to conduct limited battle training exercises. pocket battleships . Naval Institute Press Fall 2014 Catalog - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Pocket battleship Lützow Mods, missions, patches, & files for every subsim there ever was! [1], Deutschland's primary armament was six 28 cm (11 in) SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple gun turrets, one forward and one aft of the superstructure. USS Montana (BB-67) just now [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. The ship participated in a major fleet exercise into the Atlantic with her sister Admiral Graf Spee, the light cruisers Köln, Leipzig, and Nürnberg, and several destroyers, U-boats, and support vessels. The port was attacked by Republican aircraft, though anti-aircraft fire from the warships drove them off. The crew effected emergency repairs that allowed her to return to Germany; repair work in Kiel took six months. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. She quickly capsized and sank with the loss of approximately 1,000 sailors and soldiers. The first battlecruisers came from the Royal Navy. Ten days later, however, Hitler ordered the men be exhumed and returned for burial in Germany. In all, Germany built and operated three pocket battleships: the Deutschland (later renamed the Lützow), the Admiral Graf Spee, and the Admiral Scheer. One of the aircraft on board was damaged, and four gunners were killed by the third shell. [29][30], Lützow left Germany on 15 May 1942 for Norway; by 25 May she had joined Admiral Scheer in Bogen Bay. She rendezvoused with Admiral Scheer to take on additional doctors before proceeding to Gibraltar where the dead were buried with full military honors. [14] The same day, she stopped the neutral Danish steamer Kongsdal, though when it became apparent that she was headed for a neutral port, the prisoners from Lorentz W Hansen were placed aboard her and she was allowed to proceed. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. This handsome volume provides a complete pictorial history and timeline of the first member of the class, Deutschland. Bad weather hampered her efforts, and she sank or captured only a handful of vessels before returning to Germany. Posted by. The German pocket battleships, or Panzerschiffe, struck fear into every navy in the world when they were developed and deployed in the 1930's. 13th April 1945 Twenty 617 Sqn. [31], On 30 December, Lützow, the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, and six destroyers left Narvik for Operation Regenbogen, an attack on convoy JW 51B, which was reported by German intelligence to be lightly escorted. Each had a displacement of 11,700 tons and an average crew of 30 officers and 1040 men. [26] The rest of Group 5 remained in Norway,[27] so Lützow cruised at top speed to avoid submarines. [17] In 1940, the ship underwent a major overhaul, during which a raked clipper bow was installed to improve the sea-keeping qualities of the ship. The ship was also ordered to avoid combat with even inferior naval forces, as commerce disruption was the primary objective. [13] By this time, Deutschland had moved south to hunt in the Bermuda-Azores sea lane. Pocket-battleship Admiral Scheer under repair until September 1940. By the afternoon of 9 April, most of the Norwegian fortresses had been captured and the commander of the remaining Norwegian forces opened negotiations for surrender. In all, Germany built and operated three pocket battleships: the Deutschland (later renamed the Lützow), the Admiral Graf Spee, and the Admiral Scheer. The 'pocket battleship' Lutzow after being torpedoed by HMS Spearfish. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed pocket battleships) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. [33], Lützow meanwhile steamed toward the convoy from the south, and at 11:42 she opened fire. British torpedo bombers attacked the ship off Egersund and scored a single hit that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship motionless. [25], Lützow's forward gun turret was hit by one of the 15 cm rounds, which disabled the center gun and damaged the right barrel. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e. As designed, her standard complement consisted of 33 officers and 586 enlisted men, though after 1935 this was significantly increased to 30 officers and 921–1,040 sailors. Pope, Dudley (2005). Deutschland's armored belt was 60 to 80 mm (2.4 to 3.1 in) thick; her upper deck was 17 mm (0.67 in) thick while the main armored deck was 17 to 45 mm (0.67 to 1.77 in) thick. ISBN 978-3-7822-0798-0. [34] Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[35] raced to the scene. [21] Lützow embarked over 400 of the soldiers for the voyage to Norway. Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining tw… Damaged at the Battle of Drøbak Sound, she was recalled to Germany for repairs. Group 5 was tasked with capturing Oslo, the capital of Norway, and transported a force of 2,000 mountain troops from the Wehrmacht. [24], The damage Lützow sustained prompted the Kriegsmarine to order her to return to Germany for repairs. She had her aircraft catapult installed in this period, and was provided with two Heinkel He 60 floatplanes. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed pocket battleships) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. 21 April-Russians inside Berlin. Fortunately, he was on shore leave when Allied bombers came over its base in Northern Germany and wrecked it in April 1945. [44], non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil War, "WW2 'earthquake' bomb explodes in Poland during attempt to defuse it", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in April 1945, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1947, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Deutschland&oldid=1000524029, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), Design: 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons), This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 13:20. Would you now like to return to my home page or the main drawings page. [22], Shortly before midnight on the night of 8 April, Group 5, with Blücher in the lead, passed the outer ring of Norwegian coastal batteries. save. Commanding officer of 617 Sqn. [1], The ship also carried a pair of quadruple 53.3 cm (21 in) deck-mounted torpedo tubes placed on her stern. According to the historians Erich Gröner and M. J. Whitley, the Soviet Navy raised the ship in September 1947 and broke her up for scrap in 1948–1949. This ship served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. A team of Polish divers has begun the challenging task of disabling a 12,000-pound British Tallboy bomb dating back to 1945. The ship carried a secondary battery of eight 15 cm (5.9 in) SK C/28 guns in single turrets grouped amidships. Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929, under construction number 219. Kummetz flew his flag in Blücher. [6] The ship also made a series of goodwill visits to foreign ports, including visits to Gothenburg, Sweden, and in October 1934, a formal state visit to Edinburgh, Scotland. Because Hitler … Aware that surprise had been lost, the Germans broke off the surface attack and turned the destruction of PQ 17 over to the U-boats and Luftwaffe. The Deutschland was the first ship of a new type known as Panzerschiff (armoured ship), referred to as "pocket battleship" by the British. [41] The historian Hans Georg Prager examined the Soviet archives in the early 2000s and discovered that Lützow had been sunk in weapons tests, in the Baltic Sea off Świnoujście in Poland (under German control and named Swinemünde during the war), on 22 July 1947. The RAF failed again two days later, but on 16 April eighteen Lancasters from 617 ("Dambusters") squadron scored a hit and several near misses on Lützow with Tallboy bombs in the Kaiserfahrt. report. Lützow and the remaining three destroyers would then attack the undefended convoy from the south.